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Author Guidelines

Before submitting, please ensure that you are registered as an author.
You can register on this site or via e-mail (

Submissions can be made online or via e-mail (

CPoS only considers submissions for review that meet the following criteria:

  • authors adhere to commonly used rules for writing scientific papers;
  • the main text does not exceed 8,000 words;
  • adherence to the standard structure (introduction & review, data & methods, results, discussion, conclusions incl. "take home message");
  • a structured abstract (max. 500 words) is included;
  • the manuscript is submitted in MS Word (.doc or .docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf);
  • keywords (up to 5) are identical with those stated in the online submission form;
  • the writing is clear and comprehensible;
  • either American or British English is used consistently;
  • sections of the main text are numbered and have no more than two levels of sub-sections;
  • italics are used sparingly to highlight selected text elements (no bold or underlined text);
  • footnotes are used sparingly;
  • references use the author-year system;
  • full names of all authors and contact details of the corresponding author are stated at the end of the text;
  • no information within the main text allows the authors to be identified (can be added after peer review).

Authors of (conditionally) accepted papers are required to also meet the requirements listed below before submitting a final version.

CPoS supports reproducible research and strongly encourages authors to submit data, code and a metadata document as supplementary files.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Upon acceptance for publication, references need to be formatted according to the style guide given below and all tables and figures need to be submitted as separate files.

    In order to ensure that CPoS has a uniform layout, all figures will be re-drawn by the CPoS Team. We therefore ask you to submit all data shown in tables and figures as data files (preferably .xls files). Figures and tables should not be included in the main text. Please ensure that figure and table headers as well as axis titles state variable names, units and time period of the data shown. Authors will receive proofs to check all figures prior to publication.

    Complex figures and maps should be submitted as PDF. Please use Arial fonts for text within the figures and arrange for a maximum printing size of the figure of approx. 12.2*16.5 cm. Font size and line width should be related to the given printing size. Authors will be contacted about the technical details if necessary.

  2. METIS: Members of VG-Wort may submit their membership number in the metadata section in order to participate.

    OpenAIR: Please provide the grant number in the metadata section to fulfill deposit requirements resulting from research grants of the European Research Council or the Seventh Framework Programme.

  3. Style Guide for References

    All references in the text must be included in the reference list. Up to three authors are separated by a semicolon. More than three authors are abbreviated after the first author with “et al.” More than one entry for an author with the same year will be differentiated by a, b, etc. after the year. References in the text to more than one publication by an author are separated by a comma, and multiple references within a single set of brackets are separated by a semicolon (AuthorAa, AuthorAb year1: page-page; AuthorB et al.: year). Quotations must always be placed within double quotation marks (“).

    A style sheet is available for download via the citation menue of Citavi®.


    Author name, first name year: Title. Subtitle. Series name volume number. {Addition to title, e.g. PhD thesis.} {2nd or further edition.} {2 or more volumes.} Place of publication: Publisher.

    Doblhammer-Reiter, Gabriele (Ed.) 2014: Health among the Elderly in Germany: New Evidence on Disease, Disability and Care Need. Series on Population Studies by the Federal Institute for Population Research 46. Opladen, Berlin, Toronto: Barbara Budrich.

    Book chapters:

    Author name, first name year: Title. Subtitle. In: Editor name, first name (ed.): Title. Subtitle. Series name volume number. {Addition to title, e.g. PhD thesis.} {2nd or further edition.} {2 or more volumes.} Place of publication: Publisher: pages from-to.

    Milewski, Nadja; Doblhammer, Gabriele 2014: Mental Health among Immigrants: Is there a Disadvantage in Later Life? In: Doblhammer-Reiter, Gabriele (Ed.): Health among the Elderly in Germany: New Evidence on Disease, Disability and Care Need. Series on Population Studies by the Federal Institute for Population Research 46. Opladen: Barbara Budrich: 187-207.

    Journal articles:

    Author name, first name year: Title. Subtitle. Journal name volume number,issue number: pages from-to [URN or doi].

    Kreyenfeld, Michaela et al. 2011: Order-Specific Fertility Rates for Germany. Estimates from Perinatal Statistics for the Period 2001-2008. In: Comparative Population Studies 35,2: 207-224 [10.4232/10.CPoS-2010-06en].

    Please include the doi of an article if available.

    Articles in newspapers:

    Author name, first name year: Title. In: Name of paper {volume or number of paper,} date of issue: pages from-to [URL, Date of last retrieval].

    Porter, Eduardo 2014: Reducing Carbon by Curbing Population. In: The New York Times (New York edition) 163, 6.8.2014: B1 [, 18.8.2014].

    Internet sources:

    Author name, first name year or year of retrieval: Title of page or URL and file name. {In: Title of online source / newsletter / online paper.} URL / URN / doi, Date of last retrieval.

    Engelman, Robert 2011: What a population of 7 billion people means for the planet. In: 18.7.2011. URL:, 18.8.2014.


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